Lighting Design Guide
Indoor Lighting Styles
- Also known as general lighting
- Casts light equally throughout a room
- Typically requires more than one light fixture
Ambient lighting provides a wash of light throughout a room and can be achieved by using an array of light fixtures.
Ambient Lighting Fixtures:
- Also known as spot lighting
- Draws attention to the design of your room
- Wall lights typically create this effect
Contemplate offsetting a large piece of furniture by placing a lamp on either side or draw attention to a fabulous piece of art with a picture light.
Accent Lighting Fixtures:
- Combines design, style and function
- Made to match your home décor
- Serves as another piece of artwork
Rethink your home's lighting experience by using lighting to help improve your home's design and look. Consider placing a chandelier in your master bedroom or adding several intricate wall sconces to dress up your hallway.
Decorative Lighting Fixtures:
- Illuminates your work throughout the entire day
- Helps keep you productive during the darker hours
- Sometimes called office lighting
Illuminate your busy areas where you complete the most work. Consider placing a great-looking floor lamp next to your chair or incorporating some beautiful pendants over your kitchen island.
Task Lighting Fixtures:
Types of Light Fixtures
Foyer, Living Room, Dining Table
Chandeliers are artistically designed to make a splash in your home. Incorporating one like a piece of jewelry will surely change the way you think about lighting.Shop All Chandeliers
Hallways, Living Rooms, Stairwells
Accent, Ambient, Decorative
Wall sconces, also called wall lights, typically draw the eye to a piece of art or furniture or work with overhead lighting for an overall, ambient lighting effect.Shop All Wall Sconces
Kitchen, Foyer, Dining Table
Ambient, Accent, Decorative
Pendants work as an overhead lighting accent piece. These work great as an alternative to many ceiling fixtures. Adding pendants is a great way to accessorize.Shop All Pendants
Bedrooms, Bathrooms, Kitchens
Ceiling lights illuminate an entire space or room and, typically, create an ambient light experience with only installing one fixture. Consider a semi-flush for a flashier look.Shop All Ceiling Lights
Task, Decorative, Accent
Lamps produce extra lighting for virtually any room. Due to the portability, these offer a great way to add a personal touch of style to your living spaces.Shop All Lamps
Track lighting, similar to pendant lights, connects to a track which installs to your ceiling. Many track lights may be pointed in multiple directions to illuminate a large area.Shop All Track Lighting
Kitchen, Bathrooms, Living Rooms
Ambient, Accent, Task
Recessed lighting offers a popular way to incorporate additional lighting in any room. Recessed lights, sometimes called can lights, come in a variety of styles.Shop All Recessed Lighting
Under Cabinet Lighting
Kitchen, Closets, Pantries
Under Cabinet Lighting can add a softer light to your kitchen, pantry, or closets. These come in a variety of applications for easy install, which greatly enhances your home.Shop All Under Cabinet Lighting
- Ensures safety and security outside your home
- Sometimes called security lighting
Illuminate uneven walkways, stairwells or just add a little extra light for security reasons. An added benefit of safety lighting is that it can also enhance the look of your landscape at night.
Possible Lighting Fixtures:
Gardens, Decks, Porches
Landscape Lighting is one of the best ways to light up your yard, which can ensure that everything is illuminated for safety and security. Consider the design potential of landscape lighting at night.
UL listed lets you know whether or not that particular light fixture is able to withstand the outdoor elements.
- UL Dry is typically for indoor uses, where no moisture or water can affect the light.
- UL Damp is preferred for porches or under overhangs, where the fixture is somewhat protected from direct contact with moisture and water.
- UL Wet is able to withstand dense fog, rain, and snow and does not need to be covered.
Note: Before purchasing a light fixture for your home’s exterior, make sure to check if the light is listed for the necessary outdoor conditions, including weather or sprinklers.
Outdoor Lighting Features
- Eliminates light leakage (light pollution)
- Some locations require dark sky lighting
- Protects the night environment
- Turns on light automatically
- Operates from dusk until dawn
- No need to turn on the switch
- Light turns off after sensing motions
- Great for security
- Collects sun energy throughout the day
- Converts the energy into light
Common Light Bulb Types
- Most Common Type
- Produces a warm, steady light
- Generally, least expensive bulb type
- “M base” is a medium-base bulb
- “C base” is a candelabra-base bulb
Compact Fluorescent Light (CFL)
- 75% less energy and less heat than incandescent
- Lasts up to 10 times longer
- Used anywhere a medium-base bulb goes
- Can take several minutes for full brightness
- Offers more light per watt than incandescents
- If properly cared for, these outlast incandescents
- Can be costly for initial purchase
- Can be used with dimmers
- Emits a significant amount of heat
Light-emitting Diode (LED)
- Uses less wattage than any other bulb type
- Saves energy and money
- Manufacturers claim their bulbs can last as long as 25,000 hours
- Attains full brightness instantly
Watts Versus Lumens
Measurement of energy used by a light bulb.
Measurement of the total visible light emitted by a light bulb.
How Much Light Do I Need?
Ambient or General Lighting
Width of Room (feet) x Length of Room (feet) x 1.5= Total Number of Watts Needed
Dining room width is 11 feet with a length of 13 feet
11 x 13 x 1.5 = 214.3 watts
Width of Room (feet) x Length of Room (feet) x 2.5= Total Number of Watts Needed
Kitchen width is 16 feet with a length of 20 feet
16 x 20 x 2.5 = 800 watts
Note: Use the formula to see how many bulbs you may need on a chandelier. For instance, if you need 800 watts and each bulb is 60 watts, then you would need a chandelier with approximately with 10 to 15 light bulbs.
- Most incandescent bulbs are dimmable
- CFL bulbs have dimmable options
- LED bulbs now have dimmable bulbs available